Diabetes, medically known as Diabetes Mellitus (DM), is a category of metabolic diseases. It is a condition in which the blood sugar levels rise high over an extensive period of time. In the modern world, the problem of diabetes has become very common. It can be a very serious problem that can lead to coma and even death in many cases. Prolonged diabetes can become a reason of stroke, heart failure, damage to the eyes, foot ulcers, and chronic kidney failure. Once you have found out that you are suffering from diabetes, you need to take proper care of yourself in order to save yourself from the aforementioned complications. Read through the article to find out what you should do if you have diabetes.
What to do if you have Diabetes?
Dealing with diabetes is definitely not an easy task. But it is not the end of the road, life is a long journey and you should learn how to fight with this unfavorable condition instead of surrendering in front of it. The biggest challenge is that it cannot be cured, just controlled. It might be a little difficult but, you have to fight a battle against it anyway. So, here is what you should do once you have found out that you have diabetes.
What is Diabetes?
Before you go through the symptoms, and treatment of diabetes, first of all, you need to understand what actually diabetes is. Diabetes AKA Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases in which the sugar level gets increased over a long period of time. Talking in a layman manner, diabetes is basically a collection of diseases that involve problems related to the hormone ‘insulin’ which is an important hormone secreted by the Pancreas. Insulin is important for the body as it is responsible for absorbing glucose (sugar) from the blood into fat, skeletal muscle cell, and liver. While the pancreas are unable to secrete insulin, the blood sugar level rises that further gives birth to the problem of Diabetes. The disease is usually followed with quite troubling symptoms such as polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, etc.
Types of Diabetes
Generally, there are 3 main types of diabetes. All of these have been stated below. Have a look!
Type-1 diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce insulin at all. Type 1 diabetes is often known as Juvenile diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. It is common in people who are more than 40 years of age but, can be often seen in early teenage or adulthood as well. Type-1 diabetes is not quite common, there are about 10 percent cases only of all type-1 diabetes. People suffering from type-1 diabetes are totally dependent on insulin for their entire life. In addition to this, they have to take special diet and take regular blood sugar tests.
This is the most common type of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body of the person is not able to produce sufficient insulin for its proper functioning. Or in some cases, the body of the patients do not react to insulin at all, it becomes resistant to insulin. it is the most common type of Diabetes and around 90 percent of all cases of diabetes are that of type 2. Unlike type-1 diabetes, people can control type-2 diabetes by eating a healthy diet, doing proper exercises regularly and regular blood sugar tests. The problem with type-2 diabetes is that it gets worse with time, and the patient has to eventually rely on taking insulin tablets or injections.
Gestational Diabetes (Diabetes during pregnancy)
As the name suggests, Gestational diabetes happens while a woman is pregnant. In this kind of diabetes, the body of a pregnant woman is unable to produce sufficient amounts of insulin. Hence, the level of blood sugar risees in their bodies. Women can control gestational diabetes by following a proper diet and regular exercising.
Diabetes: The Symptoms
If you are suffering from diabetes, then you must have definitely gone through some of its characteristic symptoms. The symptoms might be quite rapid in type-1 diabetes but, develop slowly in type-2. Some of the very common symptoms of diabetes are given below.
- Fatigue and Hunger
- Blurred Vision
- Feeling thirstier and peeing more often
- Itchy Skin and Dry Mouth
- Numbness or Pain in Legs or Feet
- Yeast Infections
- Cuts or Sores that are slow to heal
- Vomiting and Nausea
- Unplanned Weight Loss
Diabetes: When to call a doctor?
If your age is more than or around 45 years, or you are undergoing symptoms of diabetes, then you need to get your blood sugar levels tested. Do not procrastinate a bit, as doing so can worsen your condition.
You may call a doctor if you are:
- Peeing a lot lately
- Going through a bad belly pain
- Feel weak, thirsty and sick to your stomach
- Breathing faster than normal
- Your breath smells like a nail paint remover
Diabetes: The Control and Care
Controlling diabetes can be a tough task, but nothing is impossible and you can do it very well if you pay attention. This is how you can control diabetes, and care for yourself.
- Regular blood sugar level tests
- Meeting your doctor on a regular basis
- Take oral medications and insulin whenever required
- Lose weight and get in shape
- Exercise regularly, especially walking
- Maintain a healthy diet- you can ask your doctor to make a proper diet-chart for you.
- Keep stress at bay
So, now you know what you should do once you have found out that you have diabetes. Controlling diabetes isn’t impossible, you must have the courage to fight against it and live your life happily.
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